The typology of semantic alignment

Cover of: The typology of semantic alignment |

Published by Oxford University Press in New York .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Semantics,
  • Typology (Linguistics)

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. [431]-452) and indexes.

Book details

Statementedited by Mark Donohue and Sorem Wichmann.
ContributionsDonohue, Mark, 1967-, Wichmann, Søren, 1964-
Classifications
LC ClassificationsP325 .T97 2008
The Physical Object
Paginationxvi, 465 p. :
Number of Pages465
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16672612M
ISBN 100199238383
ISBN 109780199238385
LC Control Number2007035286

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The Typology of Semantic Alignment 1st Edition by Mark Donohue (Editor), Søren Wichmann (Editor) out of 5 stars 1 rating. ISBN ISBN Why is ISBN important. ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The digit and digit formats both 5/5(1).

Semantic alignment refers to a type of language that has two means of morphosyntactically encoding the arguments of intransitive predicates, typically treating these as an agent or as a patient of a transitive predicate, or else by a means of a treatment that varies according to lexical aspect.

This collection of new typological and case studies is the first book-length investigation. The book undertakes the commendable double effort of straightening out the terminology and attempting to provide clear definitions of what should count as semantic alignment, on the one hand, and significantly expanding the amount and range of available data on languages with semantic alignment.

Semantic alignment systems (Donohue and Wichmann ) are a less well-known counterpart to accusative and ergative alignment systems (Tsunoda (Tsunoda, Comrie ;Bickel ). The Typology of Semantic Alignment Edited by MARK DONOHUE AND SØREN WICHMANN 1. 3 You must not circulate this book in any other binding or cover ‘alignment’) are highly stable over time and strongly resistant to borrowing (Nichols ).

The proposal certainly seems reasonable. Intransitive Split in Tundra Nenets, or How Much Semantics Can Hide Behind Syntactic Alignment. Olesya Khanina - - In Mark Donohue & Søren Wichmann (eds.), The Typology of Semantic Alignment.

Oxford University by: The Typology of Semantic Alignment and Publisher OUP Oxford. Save up to 80% by choosing the eTextbook option for ISBN:The print version of this textbook is ISBN:The typology of semantic alignment.

Article (PDF Available) This book provides the first in-depth treatment of alignment change in Iranian, from Old Persian (5 C. BC) to the present. The first. Book The typology of semantic alignment MPS-Authors Wichmann, Søren Department of Linguistics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society; External Ressource No external resources are shared.

Fulltext (public) There are no public fulltexts stored in PuRe. This collection of new typological and case studies is the first book-length investigation of semantically aligned languages for three decades. Leading international typologists explore the differences and commonalities of languages with semantic alignment systems and compare the structure of these languages to languages without them.

This book will interest typological and historical linguists at graduate level and above.\/span>\"@ en\/a> ; \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\n schema:description\/a> \" The study of semantic alignment \/ Soren Wichmann -- Semantic alignment systems \/ Mark Donohue -- Split intransitives, experiencer objects, and transimpersonal constructions \/ Andrej.

Semantic alignment refers to a type of language that has two means of morphosyntactically encoding the arguments of intransitive predicates, typically treating these as an agent or as a patient of a transitive predicate, or else by a means of a treatment that varies according to lexical aspect.

This book presents a collection of new typological examinations and case studies. The Typology of Semantic Alignment. Mark Donohue & Søren Wichmann (eds.) - - Oxford University Press.

The Rise and Fall of Semantic Alignment in North Halmahera, Indonesia. On this basis, a semantic map of contextual roles can be established, and it will be shown that higher-level abstractions, like semantic roles or even macro-roles, can be statistically derived from this diversity of marking across many languages.

Further, a typology of alignment. This book is a cross-linguistic examination of the different grammatical means languages employ to represent a general set of semantic relations between clauses. The investigations focus on ways of combining clauses other than through relative and complement clause constructions.

These span a number of types of semantic linking. Three, for example, describe varieties of consequence - cause. Its key feature is its lexico-typological orientation, i.e. a heavy emphasis on systematic cross-linguistic comparison. The book presents current theoretical and methodological trends in the study of semantic shifts and motivational patters based on an abundance of empirical findings across genetically, areally and typologically diverse languages.

Semantic alignment involves a split in the coding of Ss according to the verb's lexical semantics, and is related to the fact that most languages have more than one way to code the arguments of bivalent predicates.

Contrasts that rely on syntactic categories are not considered to represent semantic alignment. The Typology of Semantic Alignment Author(s): Søren Wichmann (Contributor Webpage) This introductory chapter presents the background of the book, discusses the new term ‘semantic alignment’ and related terminology, traces major developments in the study of semantic alignment, characterizes the overall achievement of the book, and.

11 Semantic variation and change Chapter preview Sense, reference and metalanguage in semantic comparisons Semantic change The traditional categories Mechanisms and pathways of semantic change Grammaticalization Meaning through corpora Semantic typology Proto-Yeniseic possessed a type of semantic alignment whereby subject and object NPs were zero marked and most undergoer subjects generated verb-internal agreement.

Modern Ket exhibits a more complex system of verb-internal subject-object marking involving several different patterns which defy simple semantic classification. This chapter traces this phenomenon diachronically. That is, for a particular semantic domain, we ask if languages exhibit a wide variety of patterns, a comparatively small number of patterns (a typology), or a single pattern (a universal).

We will be interested primarily in the last two cases, as well as in the case where a pattern appears in no languages (universal exclusion). Alignment is standardly illustrated with ergative vs. accusative coding of subjects as in Basque and Russian.

It is the identical versus distinct coding or treatment or behaviour of argument roles that are different at some other level or in some other part of the grammar.

Alignment of case marking can be seen as a generalised version of morphological syncretism: the same marker covers. This paper describes the alignment system for verbal person-marking in Chitimacha, a language isolate of Louisiana. Using data from recently digitized versions of texts collected by Morris Swadesh in the s, I show that Chitimacha exhibits a split alignment system with agent-patient alignment in the first person and nominative-accusative alignment in non-first persons.

Typology Of Pluractional Constructions In The Languages Of The World Typology Of Pluractional Constructions In The Languages Of The World by Simone Mattiola.

Download it Typology Of Pluractional Constructions In The Languages Of The World books also available in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format for read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

The aim of this book is to give. Books shelved as semantics: Language in Thought and Action by S.I. Hayakawa, Semantics by John I. Saeed, Science and Sanity: An Introduction to Non-Arist.

In linguistic typology, active–stative alignment (also split intransitive alignment or semantic alignment) is a type of morphosyntactic alignment in which the sole argument ("subject") of an intransitive clause (often symbolized as S) is sometimes marked in the same way as an agent of a transitive verb (that is, like a subject such as "I" or "she" in English) but other times in the same way.

This book proposes a notion of inverse that differs from two widespread positions found in descriptive and typological studies (one of them restrictive and structure-oriented, the other broad and function-centered).

This third stance put forward here takes both grammar and pragmatic functions into account, but it also relates the opposition between direct and inverse verbs and clauses to an. The book is of interest to typologists and field linguists, as well as to any linguists interested in theoretical issues in different subfields of linguistics.

From the typology of inversion to the typology of alignment. Part IV. Pronominals Building semantic maps: The case of person marking. Typology and historical linguistics: Some. "Losing semantic alignment: from Proto-Yeniseic to Modern Ket" The typology of semantic alignment, eds.

Tim Donohue & Soeren Wichman. Oxford: Oxford University Press. – "Distinguishing referential from grammatical function in morphological typology.".

"This collection of new typological and case studies is the first book-length investigation of semantically aligned languages for three decades. Leading international typologists explore the differences and commonalities of languages with semantic alignment systems and compare the structure of these to those without them.

The typology of semantic alignment. M Donohue, S Wichmann. Oxford University Press, Tone systems in New Guinea. M Donohue. Linguistic Typology 1 (3),Semantic alignment systems.

M Donohue. Pre‐Austronesian dispersal of banana cultivars West from New Guinea: linguistic relics from Eastern. The method, termed semantic alignment, lines up the semantic structures across various formulations of complex and coordinate structures to identify and categorize the syntactic resources of cross- event relationships.

because of their rich semantics and their significance for the cross-linguistic typology presented in Chapter 1. Book. The book should be of central interest to many scholars, in particular to those working in the field of language typology, semantics, syntax, and historical linguists, as well as to specialists of the language families discussed in the individual contributions.

Voice• “adjust the relationship between semantic roles and grammatical relations in clauses” (Payne ) – semantic roles: actor, undergoer – grammatical relations: subject, object• Alignment of semantic roles and grammatical relations – actor = subject The boy saw the man.

: Vanhove, M. (ed.) From Polysemy to Semantic change: Towards a Typology of Lexical Semantic Associations. Studies in Language Companion Series, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: Benjamins, ; c. Introduction Typology, semantic and lexical typology General premises: words an meanings What meanings can and cannot be expressed by a single word.

In this study, latent semantic analysis is used to examine a collection of BPM-related job advertisements in order to develop a typology of BPM professionals.

This empirical analysis reveals distinct ideal types and profiles of BPM professionals on several levels of abstraction. In linguistic typology, ergative–absolutive alignment is a type of morphosyntactic alignment in which the single argument ("subject") of an intransitive verb behaves like the object of a transitive verb, and differently from the agent of a transitive verb.

Examples are Basque, Georgian, Mayan, Tibetan, a few Indo-European languages (such as the Kurdish languages and Hindi) and, to some. A Study of Language Typology and Comparative Semantics 1 Chapter 1 Introduction Introduction The present study falls into the domain of Language Typology and Comparative Semantics.

Within the field of Language Typology, Talmy (, b) classifies languages into. Search for the book on E-ZBorrow.

E-ZBorrow is the easiest and fastest way to get the book you want (ebooks unavailable). Use ILLiad for articles and chapter scans. Language typology papers from the Linguistic Typology Symposium, Moscow, December / Published: (). Austronesian alignment, also known as the Philippine-type voice system or Austronesian focus system, is a typologically unusual kind of morphosyntactic alignment in which "one argument can be marked as having a special relationship to the verb".This special relationship manifests itself as a voice affix on the verb that corresponds to a noun within the same clause that is either marked for a.

Curripaco [] Prefix []. ru-third person singular feminine agent marker; References []. Swintha Danielsen, Tania Granadillo, Agreement in two Arawak languages, in The Typology of Semantic Alignment (edited by Mark Donohue, Søren Wichmann) (, →ISBN, page (grammar, of a verb) Taking an indirect object.Monique L'Huillier, Advanced French Grammar, →ISBN, page French indirect transitive verbs, i.e.

verbs which take an indirect object, cannot be passive.Mark Donohue & Søren Wichmann, The Typology of Semantic Alignment, →ISBN, page It is common, not only for perception verbs but.# Book Imperatives And Commands Oxford Studies In Typology And Linguistic Theory # Uploaded By C.

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